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     The kratom plant is widely used in southeast Asia where its benefits have been known for what appears to be thousands of years. Primarily used in Indonesia and Malaysia day laborers to combat fatigue, kratom is also used for aches and pains, diarrhea, coughs and opiate withdraw among other things. 

       Sadly, in 1943 the Thai government made it illegal to possess, use or cultivate the kratom tree. The reason for this ban was greed! At the time Thailand was attempting to control the opium trade and kratom was putting a big dent in their profits, so they removed the threat. Kratom may face this very same fate in present day America. 

 *UPDATE* Recently the Thai government has removed its ban on kratom! 



        traditionally the fresh leaves are folded in half with one hand while the other pulls out and discards the large vein that runs down the middle of the leaf. The leaves are then chewed and the juices slowly swallowed. 

        Tea is also made from fresh leaves. Water is brought to a light boil and fresh torn kratom leaves are added. after some time steeping, the kratom leaves are strained out and discarded. The tea is now ready to drink. 


        kratom is usually found in dry powdered form. Kratom powder can be eaten straight (usually in capsules), placed in the lip like chewing tobacco, mixed into a beverage or applesauce, or made into a tea. 
        Kratom dosage verys depending on the kratom itself, the user and the way its taken. 


Capsules: this is a popular option for those on the go, dont have time for most other methods, or don't like the taste of kratom. The kratom powder is simply encapsulated in either vegetable or gelatin capsules for convenient consumption. The effects take a little bit longer to kick in as compared to other methods but does last a long time. 

The toss-and-wash: the toss and wash is very effective but can be difficult for some. The kratom powder is placed in the mouth and then a drink of water or other beverage is used to wash it down. Alternatively the powder can be directly mixed into a small beverage and drank quickly while the kratom is still suspended. The effects come on a little faster than with capsules and thus tends to have a stronger peak but is a bit shorter lived experience overall.

Kratom tea: tea is another popular method as its quicker to take effect than the above methods and is easy to flavor. Not to mention a nice hot cup of any tea has a soothing aspect to it. Making the tea is just like making any other tea. water is brought to a near boil and removed from heat. The kratom is then added either straight into the water or is first placed into a tea bag. this is allowed to sit for around 5 minutes. Some folks like to add citrus to the water as well to help extract more alkaloids. The kratom is then removed from the water eather by straining or simply removing the tea bag. 

Applesauce: This is where the kratom is mixed with applesauce or other similar food as opposed to water. This is great for those who are trying to mask kratoms bitterness. 

Sublingual (dipping): Not very common for how quickly and efficiently subligual absobtion works! This may be due to the taste of kratom and the fear of leaving that in your mouth for an extended period of time; or maybe because the little bits of kratom getting all over the teeth isnt very attractive. Whether its one reason or another its well worth a try as the effects come on very quickly and requires a much smaller amount on average! 
       Dipping kratom is done by placing kratom in between the lip and gums not unlike chewing tobacco. The Kratom alkaloids are then extracted as the bundle is moved around a bit to thoroughly wet it. The alkaloids are then absorbed throught the mucus membranes directly into the blood stream. Most absorption takes place under the tongue where the alkaloid laden saliva can be held for stronger effects. The juices are swallowed slowly along with small amounts of kratom until gone. 

       A great way to make this method convert is to mix kratom powder with honey until it reaches a dough like consistency. spices can also be added for a custom flavor. This not only improves the taste but keeps it a bit more together in the mouth. 



      To start off Id like to say that all kratom plants, no matter where they hail from, have just about the same alkaloid profile and that vein colors dont matter!

Heres how it actually works :
      Kratom has many alkaloids, but the main two are mitragynine, which is responsible for kratoms more energetic and mood lifting qualities; and  7-hydroxymitragynine, which is present in very small amounts but is much more potent and primarily responsible for the opiate effects.
    Mitragynine is converted into 7-hydroxymitragynine when exposed to u.v. rays. It can also be converted by heat and aging processes as well.
     So if kratom is dried in a dark cool place to best preserve the original alkaloids it will be more energetic.
      If kratom is dried in a way that exposes it to u.v. rays, heat, or anything else that can degrade or convert the kratoms alkaloids it will change the effects of the kratom; most notably an inceased opiate effect.
    In the kratom industry this is typically accomplished by exposing the leaves to the sun. Not only does this change the alkaloids, but the sun, heat, and moisture from the leaves break down chlorophyll(the green in leaves) revealing a red pigment. This is why red powder is red!
    There are other ways to process kratom like fermentation or picking leaves that are dying, but most kratom is made using the dark/Sun processing methods.
      At the end of the day vendors can ...and do call their kratom what they want; making up all sorts of stuff, but typically "white vein" has a well preserved alkaloid profile, "red vein" is processed in the sun, "green vein" is partially processed in the sun or simply a mix of red and white, and brown/chocolate is supposed to be fermented. Everything else seems to be a special harvest or a blend of white and red.
    Thats It! Thats how it works! So, although some kratom plants might be a little more or less potent than others the alkaloids are all about the same no matter the color of the vein, the shape or size of the leaf,etc.. Its the way the kratom is harvested/processed that makes all the difference!